Delivered in November 2021, the EEA briefing presented updated estimates on how three key pollutants – fine particulate matter (PM), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ground-level ozone (O3) – affected the health of Europeans in 2019.
The presentation also offered a preliminary assessment of the revised World Health Organization (WHO) guideline on air pollutants, which we cover in this edition of Automotive Filtration Insight. Among the issues addressed was a progress update on the implementation of measures designed to meet the EU Zero Pollution Action Plan target.
The suggestion is that 58% (178,000) of these deaths could have been avoided if all EU Member States had achieved the WHO’s new air quality guideline level of 5 µg/m3.
On the positive side, the EEA found that air quality in Europe was better in 2019 than in 2018 and resulted in fewer negative effects on health. The gradual reduction in pollution follows a long-term trend related to public policy initiatives.
From 2005 to 2019, the number of pollution-related deaths decreased by about a third.
The EEA briefing was published to coincide with the EU Clean Air Forum, which brings together decision-makers, stakeholders and experts to reflect on the development and implementation of effective European, national and local air policies, projects and programs.